Users involved in container environments are likely to hear about two popular tools and platforms used to build and manage containers. These are Docker and Kubernetes.
Docker is a popular runtime environment used to create and build software inside containers. It uses Docker images (copy-on-write snapshots) to deploy containerized applications or software in multiple environments, from development to test and production. Docker was built on open standards and functions inside most common operating environments, including Linux, Microsoft Windows, and other on-premises or cloud-based infrastructures.
Containerized applications can get complicated, however. When in production, many might require hundreds to thousands of separate containers in production. This is where container runtime environments such as Docker benefit from the use of other tools to orchestrate or manage all the containers in operation.
One of the most popular tools for this purpose is Kubernetes, a container orchestrator that recognizes multiple container runtime environments, including Docker.
Kubernetes orchestrates the operation of multiple containers in harmony together. It manages areas like the use of underlying infrastructure resources for containerized applications such as the amount of compute, network, and storage resources required. Orchestration tools like Kubernetes make it easier to automate and scale container-based workloads for live production environments.