In 1860, the United States had 30,626 miles of train track; by 1900, the number had grown to 193,346 miles. As the nation significantly multiplied its manufacturing capacity, the number of goods and people moving among different parts of the country showed a remarkable increase: railroad freight ton-miles increased 35 times between 1865 and 1915. The railroads scaled commerce and movement of goods and people. However, this increase in connectedness uncovered a new problem: Time was not consistent between cities. The state of Illinois alone had 27 different time zones. Because time was inconsistent, coordinating trains was extraordinarily difficult. The railroads solved the issue with a novel idea called “standard time”. Four time zones were established: Eastern, Central, Mountain, and Pacific. Today, we are extremely familiar with time zone consistency throughout the world. In fact, it is not an overstatement to say that we live our lives using these time zones, considering how often we have to synchronize with other people in personal and professional settings.
Bruno Messina joined NetApp in 2018 and works in product marketing for FlexPod. His previous experience includes a career in product marketing of UCS servers for Cisco Systems and Solaris server marketing and competitive analysis at both Oracle and Sun Microsystems, where he joined in 2000. Bruno spent ten years in various roles of competitive analysis and product management at Sun Microsystems, leading analysis in both the workgroup and enterprise servers. Prior to Sun Microsystems, Bruno spent time finishing his MBA education and worked for two years at Cadence working on product marketing for both board-level and board timing tools. Bruno holds both a BSEE and MBA from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, N.Y.